Sultan Han

Date: 1229
Location or Findspot (Modern-Day Country): Turkey
Description: The Sultan Han, northeast of Konya in modern-day Turkey, is a caravanserai, a kind of roadside stopping point for merchants traveling between cities. It was built in 1229 for Seljuq Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I (r. 1220–37). Its highly ornamented marble gateway (pishtaq) is 13 meters high and includes a muqarnas vault. From the courtyard, a similar muqarnas portal (this one with joggled voussoirs created by interlocking gray and white marble), leads into a covered hall with a barrel-vaulted ceiling. Travellers would have used this covered space to take shelter in cold weather.
Relevant Textbook Chapter(s): 8
Image Credits: Wenwei Tan, Navid Jamali

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Sultan Han, courtyard portal Sultan Han, barrel-vaulted hall Sultan Han, plan and axon