Divriği mosque-hospital

Date: 1228/29
Location or Findspot (Modern-Day Country): Turkey
Description: In 1228/29 a mosque-hospital complex was erected at Divriği for two cousins, members of the Mengujekid dynasty, who were vassals of the Sejuqs of Rum. The hypostyle mosque, designed by Khurramshah ibn Mughith from Akhlat, takes up two-thirds of the building; the smaller hospital has a four-iwan plan around an octagonal pool. Both parts have elaborate vaulting and densely carved portals, especially the main, north door into the mosque, which faced the citadel. Such elaborate designs must have been sketched on paper before being transferred to stone. The inclusion of a double-headed eagle, the heraldic emblem of the Seljuqs, acknowledges their overlordship. The profusion of relief sculpture, which includes human faces (on the hospital portal) and birds (on the mosque's west portal) is unusual. The closest parallels are with Armenian architectural sculpture, suggesting that artists moved easily between the Islamicate and Christian realms.
Relevant Textbook Chapter(s): 8
Image Credits: Wikimedia Commons; Navid Jamali

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Divriği, exterior of mosque and hospital from the west Divriği, view of mosque-hospital from the north Divriği, plan of mosque-hospital Divriği, north portal of mosque, detail of carving Divriği, west portal of mosque Divriği, detail of west portal of mosque Divriği, detail of west portal of mosque, double-headed eagle Divriği, interior of mosque Divriği,  hospital portal Divriği, hospital interior