Symmachi–Nicomachi Diptych

Type: Diptychs, Plaques
Date: ca. 400
Location or Findspot (Modern-Day Country): Italy
Medium: Ivory
Dimensions: 29.6 × 12.1 (Symmachi leaf) and 29.9 × 12.4 cm (Nicomachi leaf)
Description: This ivory diptych refers in its inscriptions to the Symmachi and Nicomachi, two aristocratic Roman senate families. It may have been made to commemorate an alliance between them (e.g., a marriage) or the elevation of women from these families to the priesthoods of Ceres, Cybele, Bacchus, and Jupiter. Each leaf shows a priestess engaged in ritual activities. The priestess on the leaf labelled "Nicomachorum" holds two lit torches before a round altar. The leaf labelled "Symmachorum" depicts a priestess sprinkling incense over flames.
Relevant Textbook Chapter(s): 2
Image Credits: Wikimedia Commons

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Musée Cluny, Nicomachi leaf