Tomb of Caecilia Metella

Type: Mausoleums, Tombs
Date: Late first century BCE
Location or Findspot (Modern-Day Country): Italy
Dimensions: Total height (cylindrical drum and podium) of 21.7 m, and diameter of 29.5 m
Description: Caecilia Metella, daughter of a Roman consul and wife of a quaestor of the Roman Republic, was buried in a tomb south of Rome along the via Appia, the principal route from Rome to south Italy. The large rotunda (cylindrical drum) on a square podium has a marble frieze decorated with ox heads and garlands, as well as a large panel with military trophies carved in relief. The inscription below the frieze reads CAECILIAE Q[uinti] CRETICI F[iliae] METELLAE CRASSI (to Caecilia Metella, the daughter of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Creticus, [and wife] of Crassus). Much of the travertine facing is now missing, and the crenelated top is a later addition from when the mausoleum became part of a fortress.
Relevant Textbook Chapter(s): 1, 2
Image Credits: Wikimedia Commons

« Back

Tomb of Caecilia Metella, ox heads, garlands, military trophies Tomb of Caecilia Metella, inscription