Primary Sources

The sources here have been selected to complement works discussed in Art and Architecture of the Middle Ages: Exploring a Connected World (Cornell University Press, 2022).  Some passages have been simplified and words added in brackets to aid comprehension.

Translations are by Marianne Botros, Jill Caskey, Adam S. Cohen, Navid Jamali, Shmuel Juni, M. Michèle Mulchahey, Georgi Parpulov, Linda Safran, and Dylan Wilkerson.


Hebrew Bible commentaries manuscript: Colophons and commentary by Rashi

Chapter 1

Vitruvius, De Architectura

Chapter 2

Vergil, The Aeneid

Qal'at Sem'an: Historical accounts

Chapter 3

The Church at Mren: Historical accounts and inscriptions

Sutton Hoo: Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People

Chapter 4

The Lindisfarne Gospels colophons

The Second Council of Nicaea on icons

Chapter 5

The Qur'an, sura 30

Chapter 6

The Life of Holy Luke of Steiri

Chapter 7

Typikon of the Pantokrator Monastery, Constantinople

Hildegard of Bingen, Scivias

Chapter 8

Al-Hariri, Maqamat (Assemblies)

The Hermitage of St. Neophytos: Inscriptions and sources

Chapter 9

The Birds Head Haggadah: Instructions, prayers, and notes

Chapter 10

Sharaf al-Din 'Ali Yazdi, Zafarnameh (Book of Victories)