Location or Findspot (Modern-Day Country): Syria
Description: The Dura-Europos Synagogue is one of the oldest synagogues in the world to have emerged from an archaeological dig virtually intact. It was located on the edge of a Roman border town and was larger than the Mithraeum and Christian house-church and baptistery. The wall and ceiling art were preserved because the synagogue was incorporated into the Romans' defensive wall in 256. In addition to the wall paintings, hundreds of terra-cotta ceiling tiles have survived from the synagogue, and they include Aramaic and Greek inscriptions naming donors, evil eyes, images of real and fanciful creatures, and vegetation.
Relevant Textbook Chapter(s): 1
Repository and Online Resources: • Read more about Dura-Europs on the Yale University Art Gallery website.
Image Credits: Wikimedia Commons, Princeton University Art Museum, Navid Jamali
Tags: Western Asian, Jewish, Access to the sacred, Late Antique, Roman, Aramaic, Greek, Works in focus, Works in textbook, Domestic